Keywords : BMI


Obesity and Asthma Severity Among Adults Presenting to the Out Patient Clinic

Hashim M. Al-Kadhimi

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2012, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 205-210

ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Recent studies have suggested a relationship between asthma and obesity. The risk for developing asthma increases with increasing obesity among individuals. Yet little is known about how obesity influences asthma.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a relation of Obesity to asthma exists among adults presenting to the out patient respiratory clinic , and the correlation between Obesity and spirometric changes in patients with asthma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done for one hundred patients aged 17 to 70 years patients with asthma diagnosed by clinical and pulmonary function test , in the respiratory outpatient's clinic in AL Kadhmia Teaching Hospital.
Collected from May to December 2010 The following parameters were assessed:
Weight, height, body mass index, gender,spirometric parameters which includes of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity(FVC),FEV1FVC ratio, and forced expiratory flow50% (FEF50%)
RESULTS:
There were 100 asthmatic patients,32 male and 68 female. There age between 17-70 year, classified into four groups according to BMI. There was significant relation between obesity and asthma (p=0.03),this relation was statistically significant in female(p=0.003) but not in male.
spirometry in male showed no statistically significant (p-value > 0.05) for FEV1, FVC FEV1FVC ratio, FEF50% in both non obese and obese, but in female statistically significant for FEV1FVC(p 0.05) ,FEF50% (p 0.036) , while no statistically significant for FEV1, FVC in both groups, for both male and female according to BMI there is statistically significant for FEF50% (p 0.015),while no statistically significant for FEV1FVC, FVC, FEV1 in both groups.
CONCLUSION:
There was a significant relation between asthma and obesity , in female ,but not in male. There is statistically significant difference for FEF50% ,and FEV1FVC in obese female .Also there is statistically significant difference for FEF50% in both male and female according to BMI.

The Lipid Profile in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Erbil Governorate

Abbas A. Alrabaty; Abdulkader A. Alnakshabandi; Nazar B. Yahya

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2009, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 344-349

ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Diabetes Mellitus is the most common endocrine-metabolic disease in children. Diabetic patients with hyperlipidemia frequently develop atherosclerosis which is an important cause of morbidity and mortality.
OBJECTIVE:
The aim of this study was to evaluate serum lipids total serum cholesterol, total serum triglyceride (TGs), High density lipoprotein (HDL-C), Low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL-C) in children with type-1 diabetes mellitus in comparison with controls, and to determine the relationship of lipid profile with gender, body mass index (BMI) and duration of diabetes among patients.
METHODS:
In this case-control study, the lipid profiles of 52 patients aged 6-18 years (27 males 25 females) with established type 1 diabetes were compared with those of 52 healthy controls of the same age and gender from the first of December 2007 to the 29th of February 2008.
RESULTS:
The lipid profiles of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus showed the following values, the mean total serum cholesterol 175 ± 55 mg/dl, total serum TGs 140 ± 135 mg/dl, HDL-C 59 ± 19 mg/dl, LDL-C 93 ± 51 mg/dl and that of VLDL-C 23 ± 13 mg/dl, whereas for the controls they were 136 ± 34 mg/dl, 74 ± 25 mg/dl, 53 ± 15 mg/dl, 68 ± 30 mg/dl and 15 ± 5 mg/dl respectively.
CONCLUSION:
The abnormalities in lipid profile regarding total serum cholesterol, total serum TGs, LDL-C and VLDL-C showed that they were significantly higher in diabetic patients than in control group, while HDL-C although it was higher among diabetic patients, but it was not statistically significant. Total serum TGs was significantly increased with the duration of diabetes.