Keywords : Conventional suture ligation


Use of Bipolar Vessel Sealing Device(Ligasure) Versus Conventional Suture Ligation in Thyroid Surgery

Muhammed Faiz Abdullah Hassan; Qahtan Adnan Mahdi

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2021, Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 136-142
DOI: 10.52573/ipmj.2020.168621

BACKGROUND:
Effective vessel hemostasis can be achieved by knot tying or newer techniques like ligasure as an alternative bipolar surgical diathermy system. Various diathermy techniques have been proposed to reduce intraoperative blood loss in surgery and the new electrothermal bipolar tissue sealing system (Ligasure) has been applied in various specialties of surgery.
OBJECTIVE:
To compare the outcome of ligasure versus conventional suture ligation in thyroid surgery.
METHODS:
This study was conducted in Al–Imamein Alkadhmein Medical City over 2 years period from the first of  October 2016 to the first of October 2018.A Total of 110 patients were operated upon by the same surgical Team, using ligasure in 55 and conventional suture ligation in 55 patients for hemostasis. The medical records of the patients enrolled were reviewed and compared regarding age, sex, histopathological diagnosis, types of thyroidectomy, operating time, estimated intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, hospital stay , postoperative pain and outcome evaluation.
RESULTS:
There was no statistical difference between the two groups regarding age, sex and histopathological Data. The mean operating time was significantly shorter in the Ligasure group compared with the conventional group. Transient hoarseness of voice was detected in 2 patients (3.6%) of both groups. no permanent complication was seen in LVSS group but EBSLN injury (1.8%) was the only permanent complication occurred in conventional group. 
CONCLUSION:
The use of LigaSure Vessel Sealing System for thyroid surgery is proved safe and effective as conventional suture ligation Technique, with the benefit of reducing intraoperative blood loss, reduced operating time, and postoperative pain severity.