Keywords : pediatrics

A Comparison of Using Ketamine Versus Combination of Ketamine and Thiopentone in Short Painful Procedures in Pediatrics

Iyad Abbas Salman; Saba J. AL-Wardi

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2014, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 103-109

Short painful procedures in pediatric age group like bone marrow aspiration (BMA) and biopsy taking are day case operations which demand rapid recovery and minimal incidence of postoperative complications.
To compare between intra & postoperative complications & the time of stay in the recovery room for pediatrics undergoing short painful procedures under general anesthesia with either "ketamine and thiopental" or "ketamine alone".
THIS IS A PROSPECTIVE RANDOMIZED clinical trial done in Children Welfare Hospital in Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq, from August - November 2010 on 89 children patients who were scheduled for short painful procedures. All patients were allocated randomly into 2 groups: the 1st group (KT) received I.V ketamine 1% (1mg/kg) plus I.V thiopental 1% 3-5 mg/kg (anesthetizing dose) on induction and maintained on intermittent I.V doses of thiopental 1% in case of need. While the 2nd group(K) received I.V ketamine 1% (1.5mg/kg) alone on induction and maintained on intermittent I.V doses of ketamine 1%(0.5mg/kg) in case of need. Any intra or postoperative complications & the duration of recovery for all patients were recorded.
It was found that the intraoperative complications (temporary & mild decrease in arterial O2 saturation and its associated breath holding, & cough) occurred more in the KT group, while the occurrence of (mild involuntary movements and verbal responses) occurred more frequently in the K group. The postoperative complications (nausea, vomiting, verbal hallucinations and dizziness) occurred only in the K group. The duration of recovery is more prolonged in the (KT) group.
The use of combination of thiopentone and ketamine is associated with more mild and temporary intraoperative decreased arterial oxygen saturation, breath holding, and postoperative cough than using ketamine alone, while the use of ketamine alone is associated with more mild involuntary movements and verbal responses, postoperative nausea &/or vomiting, hallucinations, and dizziness. The duration of recovery is prolonged by the use of thiopental.
KEY WORDS: ketamine, thiopental, TIVA, pediatrics, day case.

Effect of Hypertension on Aortic Root Size and Prevalence of Aortic Regurgitation

Ghassan Abbod Ahmed; Amal Noori Al; Marayati; Basil Najeeb; Asaad Abdullah Abbas; Talib Hashim Salim; Basil Najeeb Saeed; Riyadh S. Abultiman; Abdulhameed A. Majeed Al-kassir; Namir M. Taher Abdullah; Zainab Abdul Razak AL-SharifiA; Halla Ghazi Mahmood; Amjad Daoud Niazi; Hassan Sarhan Haider; Rafal Rajab Hasan; Alaa Hussein Altaee; Raghad Hannon Shinenalsudani; Iyad Abbas Salman; Saba J. AL-Wardi; Khudir Z. Mayouf; Faiq. I. Gorial; Warda S. Lasso; Mohanned A. Al-Falahi; Mohammad Saeed; Sinan Adnan; Islam Ghanem Mahmood; Ali A. Muttalib Mohammed; Ammar Hadi Khammas; Mohammed Radef Dawood; Yaseen Adeeb Sakran; Azad Mohammed Abdullah; Bassam Musa Sadik Al-Musawi; Waleed Mustafa Hussen; Osama Elhassani; Muhanad Fadhil

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2014, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 61-69

Although early reports suggested that hypertension predisposed to aortic root enlargement and consequent aortic regurgitation, more recent pathological and M-mode echocardiographic studies have not found an association between hypertension and aortic root enlargement when age is considered.
The aim of this study is to asses the effect of hypertension on aortic root size and to estimate the prevalence of aortic regurgitation.
measurement of two-dimensional echocardiographic diameters of the aortic root at four locations and compared findings with resting blood pressures and measures of body BMI in 110 normotensive and 110 hypertensive men and women matched for age and sex.Colour and continuous wave Doppler study are used to diagnose and assess severity of aortic regurgitation.
Aortic diameters at the anulus (2.40±0.29 versus 2.33±0.24 cm, P=.06) and sinuses (3.45±0.43 versus 3.35±0.35cm, P=.08) were marginally higher, whereas diameters at the supra-aortic ridge (2.93±0.39versus 2.73±0.33cm, P


such a difference in this population of
asymptomatic hypertensive individuals.