Keywords : heart burn


Correlation of Angiographic Findings and Clinical Presentations in Unstable Angina

Ali Abdulamir Mohammad AL.Mossawi; Kasim Abbas Ismail; Azher Sabih Zubaidy; Adil Siwan Aqabi; Majid Hameed AL Maini; Jawad K. Mnuti; Fadhil A. AL- Abbudi; Amira H. Shubbar; Layth Rafea Taqa; Sawsan Sati; Abbas; Najat Abul; Razak; Noor Mustafa; Razeqa Abd Ali; Nassir Enssief Mohsun; Raji H AL-Hadithi; Suhaila Saadallah; Darya Akram Faqe Mahmood; Ari R. Qader; Kurdo A. Mohmmad; Dawood Salman Hameed Alazzawi; s Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad; a Descreptive Study; Autism Among Children Attending Pediatric Psychiatric Department in Child; Jaafar Muhamed Hassan; AL- Ghabban; Haider Abdul Muhsin; Huda Adnan Habib; Maysaloun Muhammed Abdulla; Selwa Elias Yacoub; Abdulrazak H. Alnakash; Shaema Jafar; Yousef Abdul-Raheem; Alaa Hussein Ali; Montadhar Hameed Nima; Rasha Abbas Azeez; Jassim Mohammad Alkhazraji; Hussein Mahmood Gazi; Mohammed Shafik Tawfeek; Nabeel Ghazi Hashim; Hayder Hadi Lazim; Maysoon Mohammad Najeeb Mohammad Saleem; Arieg Abdul Wahab Mohammad; Majid Syki Jabir; Kareem Al-Tameemi; Malak A. Al-Yawer; Adel Rabea Alsaadawi; Mohammed S. Saeed; Thukaa T. Yahya; Osama E. Hudder; Issraa A. Hussein

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 449-455

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Unstable angina is usually related to acute thrombosis superimposed on a disrupted plaque. The highest; level of Braunwald classification of unstable angina can be used to assess the severity of clinical presentation. However the highest classes have not been directly correlated with thrombotic and complex lesions. OBJECTIVE: The study was done to clarify the correlation between angiographic findings and the most acute and / or severe clinical presentation in unstable angina. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We conducted a prospective study of 110 patients of unstable angina at Ibn-Albitar Center for Cardiac Surgery. All of these patients underwent cardiac catheterization, culprit lesion was identified in 80 patients and in 30 patients there was no an identifiable culprit lesion .Complex lesions including complex morphology, intracoronary thrombus, or total occlusion were also quantitatively analyzed and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade was assessed. Patients were classified according to Braunwald classification in instable angina .We compared patients with and those with no culprit lesions in regarding Braunwald classification. We sequentially compared the highest Braunwald classes II, C, 3 with classes

Keywords

braunwald classification
---
unstable angina

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease in a Sample of Healthy Iraqi Population

Amira H. Shubbar; Layth Rafea Taqa

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 465-472

ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Symptoms consistent with GERD occur in more than one third of the American adults on a monthly basis and weekly in as many as 10%, while 4-10% on daily basis
OBJECTIVE:
To survey the prevalence of symptoms of GERD in a sample of healthy Iraqi population sample.
METHOD:
Prospective study from Jan 2000- Jun 2000 at the deferent wards of Al-Yarmook teaching hospital, Baghdad.
Questionnaires were distributed to 950 healthy persons of different age group attending Al-Yarmouk teaching or visiting their patient at the hospital.
The questionnaire included:
Taking full history of symptoms suggestive of GERD, including habits and Body Mass Index.
RESULTS:
Heartburn was experienced by 239 (40.6%) once or more in their life, 30.6% on monthly basis, 11% on weekly basis, 8.3% on daily basis.6.2% of the respondents fulfill the criteria of the European expert panel (EPAGE) criteria for diagnosis of symptomatic GERD.
CONCLUSION:
Symptomatic GERD is common in our population.
Chronic duration of the illness was recognized in one third of them predisposing them to the risk of barrett’s esophagus.
Early referral is indicated for better diagnosis to prevent serious complications

Correlation of Angiographic Findings and Clinical Presentations in Unstable Angina

Ali Abdulamir Mohammad AL.Mossawi; Kasim Abbas Ismail; Majid Hameed AL Maini; Adil Siwan Aqabi; Azher Sabih Zubaidy; Jawad K. mnuti; Fadhil A. AL- Abbudi; Amira H. Shubbar; DEFINITION GERD is described as any symptomatic or histopathological alteration resulting from episodes of gastroesophageal reflux; Layth Rafea Taqa; INTRODUCTION; Reflux esophagitis describes the subset of GERD patient with histopathological changes of; Sawsan Sati; Najat Abul; Razak; Noor Mustafa; Razeqa Abd Ali; Suhaila Saadallah; Raji H AL-Hadithi; Darya Akram Faqe Mahmood; Ari R. Qader; Kurdo A. Mohmmad; Dawood Salman Hameed Alazzawi; Entissar Hadi AL- Shimery; Jaafar Muhamed Hassan; AL- Ghabban; Haider Abdul Muhsin; Huda Adnan Habib; Maysaloun Muhammed Abdulla; Selwa Elias Yacoub; Abdulrazak H. Alnakash; Shaema Jafar; Yousef Abdul-Raheem; Alaa Hussein Ali; Montadhar Hameed Nima; Rasha Abbas Azeez; Jassim Mohammad Alkhazraji; Hussein Mahmood Gazi; Mohammed Shafik Tawfeek; Nabeel Ghazi Hashim; Hayder Hadi Lazim; Maysoon Mohammad Najeeb Mohammad Saleem; Arieg Abdul Wahab Mohammad; Majid Syki Jabir; Kareem Al-Tameemi; Malak A. Al-Yawer; Adel Rabea Alsaadawi; ABSTRACT; Issraa A. Hussein; Osama E. Hudder; Thukaa T. Yahya

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 449-455

ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Unstable angina is usually related to acute thrombosis superimposed on a disrupted plaque. The highest;
level of Braunwald classification of unstable angina can be used to assess the severity of clinical
presentation. However the highest classes have not been directly correlated with thrombotic and complex
lesions.
OBJECTIVE:
The study was done to clarify the correlation between angiographic findings and the most acute and / or
severe clinical presentation in unstable angina.
PATIENTS AND METHOD:
We conducted a prospective study of 110 patients of unstable angina at Ibn-Albitar Center for Cardiac
Surgery. All of these patients underwent cardiac catheterization, culprit lesion was identified in 80
patients and in 30 patients there was no an identifiable culprit lesion .Complex lesions including complex
morphology, intracoronary thrombus, or total occlusion were also quantitatively analyzed and
Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade was assessed. Patients were classified
according to Braunwald classification in instable angina .We compared patients with and those with no
culprit lesions in regarding Braunwald classification. We sequentially compared the highest Braunwald
classes II, C, 3 with classes

Keywords

braunwald classification
---
unstable angina

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease in a Sample of Healthy Iraqi Population Amira H. Shubbar* ,Layth Rafea Taqa** INTRODUCTION: DEFINITION GERD is described as any symptomatic or histopathological alteration resulting from episodes of gastroesophageal reflux, Reflux esophagitis describes the subset of GERD patient with histopathological changes of the esophageal mucosa(1). The clinical diagnosis of GERD is fairly straight forward, if the patient reports a substernal burning sensation radiating upwards the neck, which is promptly relived (albeit transiently) by the ingestion of antacids (2,5). EPIDEMIOLOGY Symptoms consistent with GERD occur in more than one third of the American adults on a monthly basis and weekly in as many as 10%, while 4-10% *Department of Medicine Al-Mustansiriya University. **Ibn AL Bitar for Cardiac Surgery on daily basis (2,3,5,6). Spechler reviewed the epidimiology and natural history of GERD in Orlando and he reported that 20-40% of the adults population experienced heartburn which is the cardinal symptom of GERD, but only some 2% of adults have objective evidence of reflux esophagitis, the incidence of GERD increases with the age, rising dramatically after 40 years of age(7). Also there is a wide geographical variation in prevalence(5,7). While the complications of the GERD (ulcer, stricture and barretts esophagus) are found in up to 20% of patient with esophagitis. The annual mortality of GERD is 1 death per 100 000 patients(8). 33% Healthy Britons had experienced heartburn; 10% had monthly basis symptoms and 3% had daily symptoms (8).In Finland Isolari et. al. estimated the prevalence of symptoms suggestive of GERD in an adult population by questionnaires concerned with the heartburn, regurgitation, ABSTRACT

Amira H. Shubbar; DEFINITION GERD is described as any symptomatic or histopathological alteration resulting from episodes of gastroesophageal reflux; Layth Rafea Taqa; INTRODUCTION; Reflux esophagitis describes the subset of GERD patient with histopathological changes of

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 465-472

BACKGROUND:
Symptoms consistent with GERD occur in more than one third of the American adults on a
monthly basis and weekly in as many as 10%, while 4-10% on daily basis
OBJECTIVE:
To survey the prevalence of symptoms of GERD in a sample of healthy Iraqi population sample.
METHOD:
Prospective study from Jan 2000- Jun 2000 at the deferent wards of Al-Yarmook teaching hospital,
Baghdad.
Questionnaires were distributed to 950 healthy persons of different age group attending Al-
Yarmouk teaching or visiting their patient at the hospital.
The questionnaire included:
Taking full history of symptoms suggestive of GERD, including habits and Body Mass Index.
RESULTS:
Heartburn was experienced by 239 (40.6%) once or more in their life, 30.6% on monthly basis,
11% on weekly basis, 8.3% on daily basis.6.2% of the respondents fulfill the criteria of the
European expert panel (EPAGE) criteria for diagnosis of symptomatic GERD.
CONCLUSION:
Symptomatic GERD is common in our population.
Chronic duration of the illness was recognized in one third of them predisposing them to the risk of
barrett’s esophagus.
Early referral is indicated for better