Keywords : Low birth weight


Prevalence and Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight in Al- Elwiya Maternity Teaching Hospital in Baghdad

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2020, Volume 19, Issue 3, Pages 226-230

BACKGROUND:
Low birth weight as a public health indicator and determinant of perinatal mortality should always
be monitored. Attempts to trace possible risk factors and prevalence of low birth weight should not
be wasted.
OBJECTIVE:
Finding the prevalence of low birth weight in Al-Elwiya maternity teaching hospital in Baghdad in
2011 and 2012 and studying risk factors associated with a sample of low weight neonates born in
the hospital.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
Prevalence of low birth weight in Al-Elwiya maternity teaching hospital in 2011 and 2012 was
obtained through reviewing data registered in the hospital′s medical statistics unit and inpatient
medical records unit, while risk factors were traced through conducting a case control comparison
by collecting 100 cases and similar number of controls using direct interview questionnaire with
the mothers who laboured in the hospital.
RESULTS:
The calculated prevalence of low birth weight in Al Elwiya hospital was slightly higher than
the national figure, and the risk factors found statistically significant for low birth weight were;
multiparty, anaemia, urinary tract infection, chest infection, passive smoking and level of education.
While age, antepartum haemorrhage and pregnancy induced hypertension found insignificant.
CONCLUSION:
Prevalence of low birth weight in the hospital is slightly higher than the national figure although
the latter was not published, all factors affecting birth weight were controllable.

Neonatal Infection in the Neonatal Unit at Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Iraq

Batool A. Al-Shawii

Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2006, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 295-297

ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
In Iraq, the true magnitude of the neonatal infection among newborns receiving care is not known as health system was badly eroded in the last two decades. This work was carried out to find factors associated with neonatal infection among newborns receiving care in intensive unit.
METHODS:
The records of a total of 723 neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive unit at Baghdad teaching hospital during the period Nov. 2003 to Oct. 2004 were reviewed. Information regarded birth weight, gestational age, medical history of the mothers, bacterial infections and management procedures were collected.
RESULTS:
Out of the total neonates, 9.3% had bacterial infection. Low birth weight, prematurity and prolonged rupture of membrane were factors significantly associated with bacterial infection (p = 0.001, 0.002 and 0.03, respectively). Oxygen therapy, invasive procedures, and the nasogastric tube (p = 0.01) were significantly associated with infection. S. aureus, enterbacter and E. coli were the commonest pathogens.
CONCLUSION:
The study provides useful information for future surveillance in association with preventive program as there were several factors associated with neonatal infection which could be prevented.