Post Neonatal Mortality in Children Welfare Teaching Hospital for the Period 2007-2009
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2016, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 40-45
Post neonatal mortality refers to deaths between 28 days and 1 year of life. It represents about one third of infant death. Post neonatal death rates vary according to causative factors in each area of the world.
To study the post neonatal mortality and its major causes in Children Welfare Teaching Hospital (CWTH) - Medical City /Baghdad.
The medical records of 782 post neonatal deaths who were admitted to CWTH from 1st jan.2007 - 31st Dec. 2009 were studied, especially for the causes of death as registered in the files.
The overall post neonatal death rate in the study period was 71.4 per 1000 of post neonatal admissions. Out of 782 total post neonatal deaths, males were 465 (59.5 %) and females were 317(40.5 %). Major causes of death were; pneumonia (24.8 % ), gastro intestinal (22.8 %), infection (18.4 % ) ,cardiovascular (10.3 % ), central nervous system ( 9.8 % ),surgical (4.9 %), renal problems (4.9 % ), malignant causes(2.7 % ),congenital anomalies (0.7 %),inborn error of metabolism(0.7 %) of total post neonatal deaths.
The results of this study indicate that post neonatal death rates are still high in a tertiary referral pediatric teaching hospital in Baghdad.
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