Efficacy of Rotavirus Vaccination in Prevention of Hospital Admission of Gastroenteritis among Children Under Two Years of Age
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2018, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 225-231
Rotavirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in children.
To find out the efficasy of rotavirus vaccine in prevention or reduce the number of cases and hospital admission of gastroenteritis among children under two years of age.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
A cross-sectional study was conducted in Central Teaching Hospital of Pediatric in Baghdad,from the first of February to 31st of May 2016,on a total of(524) child under two years of age, grouped into two groups,first group(260)vaccinated with rotavirus vaccine,second group(264)non-vaccinated.
According to development of gastroenteritis and vaccination state of rotavirus vaccine,the acute gastroenteritis in non-vaccinated group was more compared with vaccinated group,192out of264(72.8 %)and128 out of 260(49.2%) respectively,and this association statistically significant.The number of cases that is admitted to hospital is48(37.5%)in vaccinated group with acute gastroenteritis which is significantly lower as compared to148(77.1%)in non-vaccinated group with acute gastroenteritis.This study showed that males and females were found to be equally affected of gastroenteritis.
Rotavirus vaccine have reduced the number of cases and hospital admission of gastroenteritis among children under two years of age in Central Teaching Hospital of Pediatric in Baghdad.
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