Bacteriological Diagnosis of Febrile Neutropenia in Oncology Teaching Hospital
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2019, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 37-42
Fever may be the only indication of a severe infection, it occurs in about (10 -50%) of patients
with solid malignancy during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia.
To determine the common pathogens causing febrile neutropenia and their susceptibility to
antibiotics in patients with solid malignancies in oncology teaching hospital.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
50 patients with solid malignancy were enrolled in this cross sectional study. Blood culture and
sensitivity test were investigated for them. Other sample cultures were investigated according to
Blood culture was positive in 18% of patients. Gram negative bacteria were predominant
(81.81%). Among which E.coli being the most common (33.33%). E.coli was the isolate in the
only 2 (4%) positive Urine culture.
The most frequently effective antibiotic for Gram negative infections was Amikacin followed by
Imipenem compared to Ciprofloxacin, Tetracycline and Aztreonam for Gram positive ones.
Gram negative bacteria were the most bacteria isolated in the studied patients.
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