The Echocardiographic Abnormalities in 52 Iraqi Patients with Rheumatoid Arithritis
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2007, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 92-96
To study the prevalence of echocardiographic findings in unselected population of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
Fifty two RA patients and fifty two normal healthy people assessed clinically, Echo Cardiografically, ECG, pulmonary function tests and laboratory investigations.
Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated significant cardiac disease in (59%) of patients in form of right ventricular dilatation (25%), left ventricular dilatation (11.5%), left atrial dilatation (3.8%), mitral valve abnormalities (11.5%)(M.V.regurgitation, M.V.thickening, M.V.prolapsed, M.V.stenosis), septal hypertrophy(5.8%), diastolic pressure dysfunction(5.8%), thick aortic calcified cusps(3.8%), aortic regurgitation(5.8%), mild pericardial effusion(13.5%), tricuspid Regurgitation (11.5%) and raised pulmonary artery pressure above 30 mmHg (3.8%).The normal healthy people had only two people one had M.V.regurgitation and the other had mild M.V.prolapse and there were no other abnormalities in (ECG) of (PFT).
Wide and frequent varieties of echocardiographic cardiac abnormalities were found in an unselected population of patients with RA, using Doppler echocardiography giving different grades of severity of cardiac manifestation
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