Effects of Oral Contraceptives Intake On the Gingiva
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2010, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 335-341
The use of contraceptive medication has been shown to increase gingival inflammatory reaction to local irritants.
To determine the effect of oral contraceptive pills and the duration of drug intake on the plaque index, gingival index and probing depth.
A total of 30 women of the age group 19-40 years attending a primary health care center in AL-Ramadi city were selected and permitted to start taking contraceptive pills. Three visits were arranged of three months interval between the visits. Plaque index, gingival index &probing depth were measured at the three visits.
The results revealed a significant difference in the mean plaque index & the mean gingival index among the three visits. Regarding the probing depth, 23.3% of women had pocket depth of 4 & 5mm and this percentage was the same for the three visits.
Results indicates that women taking contraceptive pills had increasing mean of plaque & gingival indices with increasing the duration of drug intake. Probing depth was found the same through the three visits
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