Pancytopenia Adult Patients At Baghdad Teaching Hospital
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 441-448
pancytopnia is a triad of findings caused by different diseases affecting bone marrow primarily or
secondarily, causing manifestations of anemia, thrombocytopenia, and/ or leucopenia
To identify causes, and presenting symptoms of pancytopnia in patients attending Baghdad teaching
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
One hundred and five patients, found on complete blood count having Pancytopenia were included,
excluding patients that had been exposed to chemotherapy, and/or radiotherapy
Causes in decreasing frequency were acute leukemia (30.47%), aplastic anemia (17.14%),
megaloblastic anemia (13.33%), NHL (14.47%), MDS (8.57%), PNH (4.76%), TB, SLE, HD
(2.58%) for each, and kalazar, and MM and HCL (1.9%) for each.
Manifestations were fatigability (67.6%), bleeding tendency (55.8%), and fever (48%).
Incidence of Pancytopenia may vary according to geographical, and genetic factors, and depending
on parameters, and criteria of inclusion and exclusion. Acute leukemia was found the most common
cause, followed by megaloblastic anemia.
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