Diabetic Dermopathy as Marker for Early Detection of Myocardial Infarction
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2013, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 359-365
There are many cutaneous signs in diabetes mellitus (DM) which is the most common endocrine
disorder among the general population. Diabetic Dermopathy (DD) or Shin Spots are the most
common cutaneous signs of diabetes. Although they occur individually in people who do not have
diabetes, if four or more are present the specificity is high for microvascular disease in other tissues.
This study was done to evaluate frequency of diabetic dermopathy among diabetic patients and use
this obvious subtle clinical sign as marker for early detection of atherosclerotic changes in diabetic
patients including myocardial infarction
PATIENTS AND METHOD:
This study was done at diabetic center in Sulaimani intensive care unit(IUC) in teaching hospital of
Suliamani during the period from November 2008 to June 2009. A total of 384 patients with
Diabetes mellitus were included in this descriptive case series hospital-based study. All patients were
diagnosed by specialist diabetician as a case of DM depending on classic diagnostic criteria of DM.
All patients were thoroughly assessed regarding the age, sex, skin color, duration of diabetes mellitus
and treatment regime. Careful skin examinations has been performed for diabetic dermopathy,
diabetic wet gangrene of foot. Diagnosis of myocardial infarction was done either by
electrocardiographic changes or by plasma biochemical marker.
Eighty four (21.9%) case with DD were reported in our study; fifty four (64.3%) case of them were
females while the remaining 30 (35.7%) cases were male.
Diabetic patients with myocardial infarction were 44(11.5%) cases, 36 cases as acute MI. while the
other eight cases were old cases of MI. Of these 44 cases 16(36.4%) had DD while 28(63.6%) had no
There was a statistically significant association between the myocardial infarction and the frequency
of diabetic dermopathy and we should use this obvious subtle clinical sign as marker for early
detection of atherosclerotic changes in diabetic patients including myocardial infarction. Wet
gangrene of the foot is also considered a marker of bad glycemic contro
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