Trace Elements Levels and Oral Manifestations in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2014, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 161-164
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been shown to be associated with oral manifestations and abnormalities in the metabolism of micronutrients, especially copper, zinc, and magnesium.
To study the oral manifestations in type 2 diabetic patients and to estimate trace elements levels such as copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and magnesium (Mg) in those patients comparing to control group.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
A total of 30 diabetic patients were studied for their oral manifestations and trace elements levels including serum copper, zinc, and magnesium; their age range was (40-55) years and compared with 30 healthy controls.
There was a significant decrease in serum Cu, Zn, and Mg in DM patients as compared with their controls, (P < 0.05). Also, several oral complications are seen among diabetics.
It can be concluded that several oral complications are seen in diabetic patients. The deficiency of some essential trace metals such as Cu, Zn, and Mg may play a role in the development of diabetes.
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